Komunikacija / Communication
Udruženje građana / Citizens' association
YU-11090 Beograd, Pere Velimirovića 50/2 ¤ Tel. (+381-11)-581-515 ¤ Fax (+381-11)- 316-16-55
www. komunikacija.org.yu ¤ E-mail: email@example.com
Project of the Non-Governmental Organization »Communication«
Electronic Editions of Leading Yugoslav Journals in Social Sciences and Humanities
Organizing and creating electronic editions and comprehensive presentations of theoretical journals in the humanities, social and other sciences, in literature and the arts, as well as people's creative expression in all spheres of everyday life.
All presentations and all electronic editions would be available in two versions: a) in English, and b) in Serbian, i.e. the language of the journal in the original (all languages in the region would be treated equally, regardless of how particular editorial boards call the language or language variant they use in their journal: Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Montenegrin, Slovene, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Slovakian, Ruthenian, etc.).
All pieces published in the electronic editions of the journals would be part of a comprehensive database that could be searched - both in English and in Serbian - by authors' names, titles of individual pieces, titles of special sections within the journals, key words and all concepts contained in the summaries in Serbian and abstracts in English, published along with the texts.
In the first stage, by the beginning of 2001, electronic editions of five leading Yugoslav journals in the humanities and the social sciences containing 20 issues and over 300 individual authored pieces, published on more than 3000 pages, will be made available at the address www.komunikacija.org.yu.
In the second stage, by the end of 2001, electronic editions and elaborate presentations of more than 15 journals will be made available at the same address, which means that after one year of regular updating the database will contain over 60 volumes, with almost 1000 individual items.
In this way the entire scientific-theoretical output of the region during a couple of years will be presented to interested Internet users. At the same time, a comprehensive and flexible electronic database in the social sciences and the humanities will be established and made available to the public throughout the world.
»Communication« non-governmental organization is a citizens' association formed by a group of professors of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, and members of several research institutes in Belgrade.
»Communication« was formed in order to promote communication and understanding between people and nations through presenting and exchanging results of scientific-theoretical work, research and creativity. The eleven founders have sought to put each segment, each stage, and the entirety of the project »Electronic editions of leading Yugoslav journals in the humanities and the social sciences« to the best service of this goal.
»Communication« members and friends have cooperated professionally for many years on various joint projects. The association was formally founded on 26 April 2000 by: two professors of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade - Prof. Živan Lazović (Zemun) and Prof. Aleksandar Molnar (Beograd); one member of the Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences in Belgrade and professor of the University of Kragujevac - dr Zoran Ognjanović (Beograd); one member of the Archaeological Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences in Belgrade - dr Miomir Korać (Novi Beograd); one member of the Institute of Social Sciences in Belgrade, Center for Political Studies and Public Opinion Research - Srećko Mihailović (Mladenovac); six members of the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory - dr Dusan Bošković (Zemun), Aleksandar Dobrijević (Zemun), Draško Grbić (Rakovica), mr Đorđe Pavićević (Beograd), mr Michal Sládeček (Kovačica) i mr Ivana Spasić (Beograd).
· developing electronic databases, creating thesauruses and organizing electronic, Internet presentations of theoretical journals - in order to promote communication between people and present results of work, research and creativity in science, literature and the arts, as well as general creative expression of people in all spheres of everyday life, in play and leisure.
· promoting communication, creating connections and mutual coordination of interests and needs between users/readers, editorial boards and authors in all spheres of science, literature, the arts, and everyday life, in the country and abroad.
»Communication« members, friends and contributors have designed and carried out in full the project of creating the database (they have elaborated and developed program support and organized the structure of the model) wherefrom the dynamic and complex Internet presentation of theInstitute for Philosophy and Social Theory, Belgrade, is generated, as may be seen at: www.instifdt.bg.ac.yu .
Within the same unified database, apart from the encyclopaedic presentation of the Institute (including databases of research projects, consultation meetings, colloquia, conferences, library, etc.), »Communication« members have also implemented the project »Electronic edition and presentation of the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory's journal«, sponsored by the Fund for an Open Society, Belgrade.
Searchers have also been developed, adjusted to the specific files of the electronic databases and the requirement to recognize word roots regardless of different grammatical forms of the relevant words and their case suffixes in Serbian, Croatian and other languages of the region.
A special procedure for converting documents has been established so that the texts contain the specific letter used by the peoples of the region.
»Communication« members, friends and contributors have begun to develop database of theoretical journals, books and other works from which to generate their complex presentations and electronic editions at: www.komunikacija.org.yu
Long-term objectives are the creation of a scientific reference database that would facilitate comprehensive searches and insight into the results of work of a numerous community of researchers, as well as the creation of preconditions for implementation of a series of scientific research projects, such as making thesauruses of particular areas and sciences, or a global thesaurus of the humanities and the social sciences.
Relevance of the Project
Most briefly put, this project concerns the organization of support and creating electronic editions and presentations of theoretical journals (in the humanities, social sciences, literature, arts, as well as people?s creative expression in all spheres of everyday life). All electronic editions and all dynamic presentations would be generated from a single unified database that could be searched both in Serbian and in English.
Regional significance: Over the past ten years the previously existing connections and multicultural network of cooperation between scientists and the intellectual elites of the peoples in the Balkans have been severed. After the destruction brought during the 1990s by wars, ethnic and confessional conflicts, in this region characterized by a high possibility of linguistic communication and traditional closeness of most peoples the process of »getting used« to the presence of another language and alphabet is perhaps most easily begun by exchanging results of scientific and theoretical work, research and creativity, on a value-free terrain such as science and theory.
The presentation of Yugoslav theoretical journals is part of the process of rapprochement and opening up of the national science and theory toward the international intellectual community, as well as a process of establishing a higher level of local and regional communication within the elite of creative authors and intellectuals, their interlinking and exchanging ideas and spiritual values. This would mark the beginning of a better understanding and mutual respect between neighboring cultures, intellectuals, scientists, theoreticians and researchers - as the most influential segments of their respective communities. In all this we are pursuing the common goal: to ensure a more humane atmosphere based on long-term stable relations in these complex multi-ethnic, multi-confessional, multi-lingual and multi-cultural milieus, as well as with the community of peoples of the world, without exclusivism and conflicts between peoples, states and regions.
Economic, organizational, technical, hardware and software advantages of a unified presentation of leading Yugoslav journals in the humanities and the social sciences are huge, not only for the journals themselves, their publishers and editors, but also for numerous research and educational institutions, authors and the Yugoslav science in general, as well as for all Yugoslav and international Internet users, who would access the contents of all leading journals in the social sciences and the humanities through a single www address.
Published in an electronic form, theoretical texts become a public good, in the full sense of the word, whereby the advantages of electronic publishing are used to the maximum, ensuring the widest possible availability of published theoretical pieces in the circumstances of declining sales of books and journals, due to the impovershment of the population, and of limited bookstore distribution, due to inter-state customs obstacles and other reasons.
Unified presentation of all relevant journals on one server, at one address, is a major saving for all editorial boards and all journal publishers, because it is considerably more rational and cheaper to develop only one software, adapting the shared program basis to the specific needs of a dozen individual journals. It is also easier to maintain one hardware than let each one of the dozen editorial boards take care of their own server.
The planned project is a result of several-years work of a number of »Communication« members and friends and their training for organizational, technical and program designingand implementing presentations and electronic editions of journals.
»Communication« members are ready to help editorial boards and founders of journals who decide to join the project of shared presentation and electronic editions. In this way we would prepare the material together with the volunteer editorial boards of the journals, and subsequently organize and coordinate ourselves the work of programmers,graphic designers, photographers, librarians, translators, operators and other associated contributors and participants in the implementation of the project.
All presentations and electronic editions of all journals, as well as the global project of the database in the humanities and the social sciences: a) would be based on a comprehensive database, open to multiple searching, developed thanks to the programming and technological experiences of »Communication« members - which would make individual tasks simpler and considerably reduce the costs; b) could be found at one and the same address - which would make the work of users both in the country and abroad considerably easier; c) could be published in extenso, without selections and cutting, and including both older editions and new ones; d) would have two versions, in Serbian and in English - which would facilitate an insight into the works of Yugoslav authors and complex searching through all world browsers, as well as an opening of the Yugoslav science to the world; e) would be elements of a unified on-line database of the humanities and the social sciences that could possibly be established in the future; f) could be subjected to multiple searching and could contribute to the development of segments of a multi-lingual thesaurus of particular sciences.
The advantage of a detailed elaboration and systematic organization of all tasks in implementing the global project of the electronic database in the humanities and the social sciences is in a more economical and rational implementation of the second, third, and any further stage of implementing the Project or its segments, since once the programs and presentation models are created they do not have to be created anew but rather can be adapted and applied to similar parts and inidividual projects and journals, whereby costs are reduced considerably and the job is finished more quickly.
?Communication has already begun the implementation of parts of the Project:a) electronic edition of the journal ?Filozofija i drustvo" (?Philosophy and Society?), with almost 3,000 printed pages and about 200 individual pieces published in the 1993-2000 period; b) electronic edition of two issues of the journal "Sociologija" (»Sociology«), with a total of 30 individual pieces published during 2000; c) program support for searching electronic editions of one issue, all issues of one journal, and all journals, at the »Communication« www address.
Contacts with 15 leading Yugoslav journals have been established whose presentation and electronic editions could be generated from the appropriate database. Each editorial board could present their own archival database, with all data on the founding, lists of members of editorial boards, editorial councils and committees, contributors, as well as special issues and bibliographies. Each of the journals would have its own space where to present its basic conception and editorial policy as well as information on activities that are being planned along with invitations to cooperation. Space will also be left for sponsors and donors, information on subscription, addresses of distributors and bookstores selling the printed journals.
Concentrated appearance and presentation of all relevant journals at one address would help users from all over the world to access more easily and rationally select, search and download the editions offered.
Professionally organized databases and convincing presentations will not only enhance international presence of scientists from this country abroad and frequency of their works appearing on international browsers but also require an adjustment to international standards and a commitment to competition rather than mediocrity and xenophobia.
All presentations and all electronic editions of journals would be parts of a comprehensive database which could be searched by: 1) name of the author; 2) all words from the title of the piece in Serbian i.e. the language of the original (all languages of the region would be treated equally, regardless of how the particular editorail boards call the language or language variant of their journal: Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Montenegrin, Slovene, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Slovakina, Ruthenian, etc.); 3) all words from the titles of the pieces in English; 4) all keywords listed in Serbian; 5) all keywords listed in English; 6) all words contained in the summary or abstract in Serbian; 7) all words contained in summary or abstract in English and other languages; 8) title or topic of particular segments in each issue of the journal - in Serbian; 9) title or topic of particular segments in each issue of the journal - in English; 10) title of the thematic special section in each issue of the journal - in Serbian; 11) title of the thematic special section in each issue of the journal - in English; 12) UDC numbers of each individual piece.
In the first stage, by the beginning of 2001, electronic editions of five leading Yugoslav journals in the humanities and the social sciences containing 20 volumes and over 300 individual pieces, published on more than 3000 pages, will be made available at the address www.komunikacija.org.yu.
In the second stage, by the end of 2001, electronic editions and elaborate presentations of more than 15 journals will be made available at the same address, which means that after one year of regular updating the database will contain over 60 volumes, with almost 1000 individual pieces.
In this way the entire scientific production during the past several years would be made available to the international public, above all the interested Internet users. The chronic problems of distribution and unavailability of printed copies of journals as well as customs and other obstacles would be overcome. The impoverished users and scholars in this country could get for free texts important for their professional development and improvement. Authors from this country would get feedback information from the region and the world which would enable a verification of their theses and arguments, while users from abroad would be given an opportunity to acquaint themselves with the results of theoretical work in this part of the world, thanks to selective and focused searching by key words and concepts from abstracts translated into English.
The long-term objective of the Project is the creation of an electronic database of the humanities, social and other sciences which, in spite of all the linguistic difficulties, would greatly benefit both local and international users of results of the scientific research production in the region..
A) First stage of project realization (January 2000-March 2001):
1) Presentation and electronic edition of 16 issues of »Filozofija i drustvo«, journal of the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, Belgrade;
2) Internet presentations and electronic editions of four more leading Yugoslav journals, 2-3 issues each - by the beginning of 2001;
3) Linking the addresses of all existing Internet presentations of Yugoslav scientific-theoretical journals;
4) Organizing the creation of Internet presentations of all interested Yugoslav educational and research institutions after the model of the presentation of the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, www.instifdt.bg.ac.yu;
5) Initial formation of the global electronic database of Yugoslav journals in the humanities and the social sciences.
B) Second stage of project realization (March-December 2001) would include:
1) Electronic editions of two new (2001) issues of each of the five journals presented in the first stage;
2) Organizing Internet presentations and electronic editions of 5 more journals in the humanities and the social sciences;
3) Publishing electronic editions of all the remaining, previously printed volumes of 10 journals - if saved in electronic form;
4) Organizing Internet presentations for all interested Yugoslav educational and research institutions after the model of the presentations: www.instifdt.bg.ac.yuand others.
5) Issuing an invitation to leading humanities and social science journals of the region to joint the realization of the Project;
6) Complementing and further development of the global electronic database of Yugoslav journals in the humanities and the social sciences, literature and the arts.
C) Third stage of project realization (2002-2003. godina) would include:
1) Publishing electronic editions of all 2002 issues of all interested Yugoslav journals in the humanities and the social sciences.
2) Publishing electronic editions of all issues saved in electronic form of all Yugoslav journals in the humanities and the social sciences.
3) Complementing and developing of the global electronic database of Yugoslav journals in the humanities and the social sciences, literature and the arts.
4) Organizing Internet presentation and creation of database for all interested Yugoslav educational and research institutions after the model of the presentations: www.instifdt.bg.ac.yuand others.
5) Organizing the material of leading journals in the humanities and the social sciences of the region in order to initiate a new stage of project realization.
The Project will be realized mainly by »Communication« members and friends. The project will be realized in accordance with the models of presentations and electronic editions of research institutions and journals developed so far. The possibility of using, adapting and applying the developed program support will make the time necessary for the realization of the Project shorter.
»Communication« members will establish individual files, install specific searchers, feed in data for two issues of each of the journals, determine the procedure and instruct all interested institutions and editorial boards on how to update the databases.
All organizational tasks and all forms of presentation of individual files the »Communication« members will accomplish in cooperation with and upon consent of the authorized representatives of research institutions, publishing houses and journals.
All parts of individual presentations and electronic editions will be generated from the organized database obtained exclusively from institutes, journals or their contributors and authors.
All databases will be developed using Zope program in Linux environment.
The »Communication« development team consisting of: dr Dusan Bosković, dr Zoran Ognjanović, dr Miomir Korać, mr Ivana Spasić and Drasko Grbić will engage prominent experts as associates for carrying out particular segments of project realization. For special tasks of programming and adapting program installation, for instance, the programmer Vladimir Petrović from Belgrade (working in Athens, Greece) will be engaged, teachers of the Faculty for Applied Art for designer tasks, photography will be entrusted to the »Cvetni trg« Photo Studio, etc.
It is our plan to install mirror presentations on servers in the USA and in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, in order to ensure easier accessibility to foreign users.
The planned size of the database require the following supplies: 1) a reliable, fast and more powerful server; 2) muliport-card and the appropriate number of modems; 3) appropriate number of phone lines (according to the number of editorial boards wishing to update the databases on their own); 4) a CD-writer; 5) a UPS-engine; 6) a scanner; 7) a digital camera; 8) a network printer, etc.
Program possibilities of organized files and the comprehensive database allow for a permanent improvement of the presentations (both in visual terms and in interconnecting particular files and their parts), as well as complementing, simplifying, editing and modifying data previously fed into the database.
Particular presentations and files of individual journals and their role within the structure of the model of the presentation and the database of scientific-theoretical journals will be assessed and verified by each of the editorial boards or publishing houses and research institutions, as well as by users of electronic editions of their journals.
Organization and degree of elaboration of each file and presentation as a whole will be verified by successful use and efficiency of the searcher of particular files and the global searcher of the entire database.
After each stage of project realization we expect the professional public and the editorial boards of the journals involved to review the jobs completed. All these reviews will be available to users and visitors of »Communication« presentation. All verifications, criticisms and reviews will be available to donors.
Major changes in the Project are neither expected nor desirable because they would be feasible only partially and following systematic testing and arduous reprogramming.